Resettlement is the process of moving people to a different place to live, because they are no longer allowed to stay in the same area. In cities, the informally built settlements are found to be evicted due to various reasons including urban development, infrastructure development, urban beautification projects, property market forces, political reasons etc.
Delhi has a long history of policies designed to remove Jhuggi-Jhopri (JJ) clusters from the city centre and relocate their residents to the city's periphery, a recent one being the ‘Delhi Slums and JJ Rehabilitation and Relocation Policy, 2015’. The earlier policies provided the affected households with the land parcels whereas this approach has now shifted to the provision of constructed flats.
The resettlement colonies are supposed to be planned to provide basic services to the residents which are often absent in the JJ clusters. As they often include households from various settlements around the city, they become a heterogeneous a mix of communities.
While resettlement benefits many, it also disrupts communities and affects livelihoods severely. During the workshop, two resettlement colonies were studied along with the impact of resettlement on people's lives: Madanpur Khadar which was resettled 15 years back and Dwarka Sector 16 which was resettled just a year back. The documentation of both the settlements can be viewed here (Madanpur Khadar)
and here (Dwarka)